Peridontic dentistry is concerned
with treating gums and gum diseases. Periodontal disease or gum
disease are used to refer to gingivitis and peridontitis.
is an inflammatory condition of the gingiva
caused by factors including smoking, certain drugs and hormonal
changes that occur in puberty and pregnancy.
follows with the destruction of the supporting
structure of the teeth and is influenced by factors including the
individual's immune and inflammatory response. It is initiated by
microbial plaque. Periodontitis, if left untreated can cause tooth
loss, mouth odour, bad breath or halitosis.
Types of Peridontal Treatments
Scaling and root planning
are one of the periodontal
techniques used to deep clean and treat gums affected by gingivitis
Aesthetic and Gingivectomy
is commonly done to improve the
gum contour in harmonizing the appearance of the natural or
prosthetic dentition giving more symmetry.
refers to receding gumline.
or periodontal plastic surgery can be done
to create a thick, tough gum tissue called "attached gingiva"
which will prevent further recession or in some cases cover the
is usually performed to change the dimension
of the front teeth (e.g. lengthening) and to optimize the esthetic
outcome of treatment with new crown restorations or other aesthetic